User:Oh,how the sea calls
If you have questions ask on my talk page.
Quick References for Common Japanese
- a little bit on the Japanese Language to possibly act as a reference guide for the Wiki.
- More verbs, Common Nouns, Asking Questions, and a little bit more order to follow soon.
'Ga' - subject marker. ex. - Sasuke ga Naruto o hanasu. Sasuke (Subject Marker) Naruto (D.O. Marker) hanasu (speaks).
'O' - direct object marker. shows what the subject is doing the action to. ex. Sasuke ga Naruto o hanasu. Sasuke (Subject Marker) Naruto (Direct Object marker)hanasu (speaks).
'No' - shows possession, or is as a modifying phrase. ex (possession)- Sora no Kiiburedo (Keyblade). Sora's Keyblade. ex (modifying phrase) - Nihongo (Japanese Language) no hon (book). Japanese language book.
'Wa' - denotes the subject of the sentence. -clarifies what you are talking about. -add 'wa' after the topic of the sentence. -any noun can be the topic, if it is the D.O., replace 'o' with 'wa', and if it is the subject, replace 'ga' with 'wa.' ex. - Kinou wa (as for yesterday) sensei (teacher) ga (Subj. Mark) Jon (John) o (D.O. Marker) shikatta (scolded).
'Ka' - lists choices like the English word 'or.' Ame ka yumi. (Rain or water).
'To' - lists items, or specifies the co-agent. ex (lists items) - Ame to yumi (Rain and water). ex (specifies co-agent - Sasuke ga (Subj Mark.) Naruto to (co-agent specifier) tabeta (ate).
- Always at the end of a sentence. - comes in four forms; the dictionary, negative, stem (I will post these forms later) and 'te' form (also, later). - info on past tense will follow with the 'te' form.
dictionary - the one you would see if you looked it up in a dictionary. The present tense and affirmative form of the verb. ex - taberu - to eat
negative - the opposite of the dictionary form. ex - tabenai - to not eat
Da - is (informal)
Desu - is (formal)
Ja nai - is not (inf.)
Ja arimasen - is not (for.)
Datta - was (inf.)
Deshita - was (for.)
Ja nakatta - was not (inf.)
Ja arimasendeshita - was not (for.)
Aru - to exist/ to have. used by the Japanese to show possession of inanimate objects. (this one is a tad bit strange, as is it's counterpart, Iru) Nai (neg.) ex - Sora wa (Topic Marker) munni (munny) ga aru. As for Sora, munni exists. OR Sora has money.
Iru (dict.) - to exist/ to have. used by the Japanese to show possession of animate objects. Inai (neg.) ex - Sora wa (Topic Marker) tori (bird) o (D.O. Marker) aru (exists). As for Sora, a bird exists. OR Sora has a bird.
Taberu (dict.) - to eat. Tabenai (neg.)
Hanasu (dict.) - to speak. Hanasanai (neg.)
Shinu (dict.) - to die. Shinanai (neg.)
Kaku (dict.) - to write. Kakanai (neg.)
Toru (dict.) - to take Toranai (neg.)
Kau (dict.) - to buy Kawanai (neg.)
Miru (dict.) - to watch Minai (neg.)
Iku (dict.) - to go Ikanai (neg.)
Kuru (dict.) - to come Konai (neg.)
Suru (dict.) - to do Shinai (neg.)
Yes / no and content questions to follow soon.
Users I Consider to be Friends
-Lapis Lazuli Scarib-
(got to add to this list)
Working on language and school. Hoping to help more that way-. Oh,how the sea calls 20:40, 19 April 2011 (EDT)